Elements of Landscape Architecture – Form

Form is another aspect of landscape architecture that a designer needs to consider during the planning phases. Like all other components of the landscape, form must balanced areas. To create complete landscapes is keeping the equilibrium of  hardscape and softscape elements,to balance the forms and create the desired impacts of spaces within the landscape.

How Landscape Architects Use Form

Form contrasts with lines in the landscape by integrating a third dimension. While lines are two-dimensional, form looks at the overall three-dimensional shape of elements. The shapes of objects can create a formal space when they have axial layout or an informal area may have less defined, free forms.

Forms of Plants and Structures

Forms for plants can be formal when they have a structured design, such as well-trimmed column-shaped plants, like Italian cypress in European gardens. Curvilinear forms with ornamental grasses  can appear more relaxed and informal.

Structures can also impact form. For instance, a gazebo or pergola defines an space. When vines grow over a pergola, the defined shape softens, becoming less formal and more relaxed.

Grouping plants or structures together turns individual forms into larger ones, thus changing how the forms can impact the area’s appearance. These groups also draw the eye toward them in a similar manner that lines can impact focus. For instance, the use of low plants and structures in this backyard allows for the maximum view of the ocean and sunset.

Examples of Form Use in Landscape Architecture

Using form in landscapes can have a dramatic impact on the appearance of the space. For example, this yard features a sharply cut rectangle of lawn beside similarly sharp seats. The use of rectangles that have clearly defined corners makes this area formal and serene.

Another good use of form in the landscape is softening gates or other structures with plants. This example uses both a fountain and plants growing through a wall to reduce the sharpness of the metal structure.

Contact Mark Scott Associates for Expertly Crafted Landscape Architecture Designs 

Your landscape deserves the artistic eye,use a licensed professional landscape architect. Call Mark Scott Associates  to get started with your landscape architecture project, contact us today. A professional design that uses the existing landscape and integrates new plants and structures, you will have a livable, comfortable space for your home or business.